Topologi Jaringan Komputer


Materi jaringan komputer kelas XI-TKJ1 dan XI-TKJ2 pertemuan 2.

Standar Kompetensi : Melakukan instalasi perangkat jaringan local (Local Area Network)

Kompetensi Dasar : Menentukan persyaratan pengguna

 

TOPOLOGI JARINGAN KOMPUTER

Topologi dapat diartikan struktur  dari  suatu  jaringan  atau  bagaimana  sebuah jaringan didesain, dapat juga berarti suatu cara menghubungkan komputer dengan komputer yang lain sehingga membentuk sebuah jaringan.

Macam-macam Topologi Jaringan :

1.         Topologi Bus.

Topologi ini adalah jenis topologi yang paling sederhana, biasanya digunakan untuk koneksi jaringan yang terdiri dari 2 sampai 4 unit komputer saja. Topologi ini dinamakan topologi bus karena jenis arsitekturnya yang menyerupai bus (kendaraan umum bus), karena setiap node workstation diibaratkan seperti kursi-kursi yang terdapat pada kendaraan bus.

Kelebihan topologi bus adalah konfigurasi sederhana, mudah dalam menambahkan workstation, efektif untuk jaringan berskala kecil,

Kelemahan topologi bus adalah gangguan di sepanjang kabel pusat maka semua jaringan akan terganggu, karena menggunakan satu kabel sebagai pusat transmisi, maka berakibat sering terjadi tabrakan data.

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